Wildlife and Nature Conservation

Survival Skills: How to Stay Safe in the Great Outdoors

a man with a backpack walking in a mountain
Outdoor activities in nature can be exciting and rewarding, but it’s also important to be prepared for whatever may come your way. Knowing how to stay safe in the great outdoors is a vital skill to have. Whether you’re going for a hike, camping, or just spending time in nature, here are some survival tips for staying safe and having the best possible experience.

Start a Fire

wood and stones arranged to build a fire
One of the most basic and important survival skills is knowing how to start a fire. Depending on the situation, having access to fire can be a lifesaver. It can provide warmth in cold climates and can be used to cook food. Before you go into the wilderness, make sure to do your research on how to start a fire safely and effectively. You’ll need to make sure you have the necessary materials, such as tinder, kindling and fuel. You’ll also need to know the best methods for creating a spark or flame.

Find Shelter

person in the forest building a shelter with branches and leaves
If you find yourself in an emergency situation, having access to shelter is key. In some cases, you might be able to find an existing structure, such as a cabin or abandoned building. If not, you’ll have to build your own shelter. Knowing how to build a shelter is an essential survival skill. You’ll need to find materials such as branches and leaves to construct a makeshift structure. Make sure your shelter is well ventilated and insulated, and also make sure it’s large enough for you to be comfortable.

Access Clean Water

person with a cup drinking from a lake
In order to survive in the great outdoors, you’ll need to be able to access clean drinking water. If you’re lucky, you may be able to find a natural source of clean water, such as a stream or lake. You can also purchase a water filter or water purification tablets to make sure the water you’re drinking is safe. Make sure to always carry a water bottle with you and be aware of the signs of dehydration.


person using a compass
Having a good sense of direction and knowing how to use a map and compass are essential skills for staying safe in the great outdoors. Before you head out, make sure to study the map and pick out landmarks. Also, be sure to bring a compass and have a general idea of the terrain. If you lose your bearings, don’t panic and take a few moments to assess the situation.

First Aid

In an emergency situation, it’s essential to be able to provide first aid. Knowing how to treat common injuries, such as cuts and scrapes, is a good start, but it’s also important to know how to provide care for more serious injuries, such as fractures and bites. It’s a good idea to take a first aid course or at least have a basic first aid kit with you when you’re in the great outdoors.

Be Aware of Your Surroundings

person observing animals in the forest
It’s important to be aware of your surroundings when you’re in the great outdoors. Make sure to pay attention to any signs of danger, such as wild animals, unstable terrain, and hazardous weather conditions. The more you know about the area you’re in, the better prepared you’ll be.

Dress Appropriately

The clothes you wear can make a big difference when you’re in the great outdoors. Make sure to dress for the weather and wear layers so you can easily adjust for changes in temperature. It’s also important to wear shoes that are appropriate for the terrain.

Stay Positive

Finally, it’s important to stay positive and have faith in your abilities. Remaining calm and focused in a difficult situation can help you make better decisions and think more clearly. Remember, you have the skills and knowledge to survive in the great outdoors.